People & Religion

Bhutan Dreamland Tours



More than 80% of the population is subsistence farmers. The elegance of Bhutanese dress can be seen only here and nowhere else. The men wear “gho” a calf-length tartan dressing gown with big cuffs and knee high socks and women a bright ankle length wraparound skirt called “kira”, with a short boxy bright top. The Bhutanese are of few ethnic groups. The Scharchops (eastern Bhutanese) are believed to be the earliest of inhabitants. The Ngalops (western Bhutanese) are said to be Tibetan immigrants believed to have settled here in the 9th century. The central region of the country is inhabited by Mangdips, Bumthaps and Khengpas. Their origin however, is not well established but it is believed that they came from the Indian states of Bengal and Assam. The Lhotsampas (southern Bhutanese) are of Nepalese origin. People have nature-friendly beliefs and are deeply spiritual which make them live in harmony with the environment.



There are a total of 19 spoken languages and dialects in Bhutan but Dzongkha is the main and official language. English is widely spoken and is the medium of instruction in schools and Universities.



Religion has played a vital role in the history of the country. The sound of religion penetrates the walls and reverberates through the valleys. It passes through the fibers of all Bhutanese. The state religion is Drukpa Kargyud, a branch of Vajrayana sect of Mahayana Buddhism. The land is dotted with temples, monasteries and Stupas. These monuments are there in the villages, hills, cliffs, towns and in the minds of the people. Prayer flags are the standing symbols of spirituality and fans the whole land so that all sentient beings fare well in their lives. Bhutan has quite a sizable number of monks, nuns and lay monks. They play an active role in community life. Read more..

Bhutan Dreamland Tours, P.O. Box 1873, Moti-thang, Thimphu, Bhutan, Tel: +975 17 34 98 25. Copyright © 2013. All Rights Reserved. Last updated: 21.03.2018